What happens if the issue on appeal concerns damages?
A court of appeal can increase, decrease, or affirm damages awarded by the lower court. In considering damages, the appellate court reviews previous awards for similar claims or injuries and determines whether the award in question falls within an acceptable range. If it does, the appellate court will generally affirm the lower court’s decision.
What is a dissent from an appellate court?
Appellate courts have multiple judges (and no jury) deciding cases. The court makes a decision and designates one judge (or justice) to write the opinion of the court. An appellate court judge who does not agree with that decision can write a dissent, stating his or her reasons for disagreeing with the majority.