What types of issues fall under the category of employment and labor law?
Employment lawyers work to ensure employees are treated in a fair and consistent manner and employers comply with all workplace laws and regulations. Examples of issues that fall under this area of law include:
- Workplace discrimination: If you have been treated less favorably than others because of certain characteristics protected under law, workplace discrimination has occurred. These protected characteristics include gender, age, race, religion, disability, and national origin.
- Wrongful termination: This occurs when an employer terminates an employee for an unlawful reason that violates a public policy under state law or a federal law that is incorporated into state law.
- Sexual harassment: Sexual harassment in the workplace is an illegal form of sex discrimination, and includes requests for sexual favors, unwelcome sexual advances, or other verbal or physical actions of a sexual nature that a reasonable employee would find offensive.
- Hostile Work Environment: If an employee experiences a hostile work environment based on race, gender, sexual orientation or religious beliefs, that can be unlawful.
- Whistleblower protection: State, community college and public-school employees in North Carolina have protection for reporting illegal or unethical activities. You cannot be fired for your actions and your employer is prohibited from retaliating against you by denying benefits or in any other way.
- Contract violations: If you have an employment contract for a specified term, it is a legally binding agreement that may specify what benefits your employer will provide and may state grounds for termination. A breach of contract could occur if your employer violates the contract’s terms.